Pooled genome-wide CRISPR screening for basal and context-specific fitness gene essentiality in cells

Citation:

Raghuvir Viswanatha, Zhongchi Li, Yanhui Hu, and Norbert Perrimon. 2018. “Pooled genome-wide CRISPR screening for basal and context-specific fitness gene essentiality in cells.” Elife, 7.
elife-36333-v1.pdf3.15 MB

Abstract:

Genome-wide screens in cells have offered numerous insights into gene function, yet a major limitation has been the inability to stably deliver large multiplexed DNA libraries to cultured cells allowing barcoded pooled screens. Here, we developed a site-specific integration strategy for library delivery and performed a genome-wide CRISPR knockout screen in S2R+ cells. Under basal growth conditions, 1235 genes were essential for cell fitness at a false-discovery rate of 5%, representing the highest-resolution fitness gene set yet assembled for , including 407 genes which likely duplicated along the vertebrate lineage and whose orthologs were underrepresented in human CRISPR screens. We additionally performed context-specific fitness screens for resistance to or synergy with trametinib, a Ras/ERK/ETS inhibitor, or rapamycin, an mTOR inhibitor, and identified key regulators of each pathway. The results present a novel, scalable, and versatile platform for functional genomic screens in invertebrate cells.
Last updated on 08/10/2018